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The Benefits and Importance of Oxygen in Crop Productivity

Explore the critical role of oxygen in agriculture, enhancing crop productivity through cellular respiration, nutrient uptake, root development, and overall plant growth.

Table of Contents

Oxygen is an essential plant growth element. Oxygen molecules are important for cellular respiration and plant survival. Its presence is a must in the plants for energy production. Stomata and lenticels act as oxygen-capturing parts for air and maintain plant growth. Besides this, Oxygen is also important for the roots and soil for the plant’s development. 

In this article, I will highlight the importance of oxygen elements with their Benefits and roles in agriculture and the maintenance of agricultural soil.

Description of Oxygen Element

At room temperature, Oxygen is present in the form of gas. Oxygen is important for plants and can be taken up easily by the plants from the air. Besides this, naturally, it exists in the molecular form. Oxygen is important for all living organisms for respiration and other body functions. It also performs an important role in the plant life cycle





Atomic number 

Atomic mass 


Chemical properties 

  • Density (1.43 g/L) 
  • Melting point (-218.8 °C)
  • Boiling point (-189°C)
  • State: gas 

Physical properties

Colorless, odorless, mostly soluble in liquids, tasteless, a poor conductor of heat and electricity, highly reactive 

Sources of Oxygen for Plants 

Plants require Oxygen to maintain their plant functioning. These plants take up the right oxygen content through the air and fertilize the soil. The presence of microorganisms is also a source of Oxygen for the plants. The presence of bacteria, plankton, and other usable fertilizers includes the oxygen content within the soil. 

Prominent Benefits of Oxygen in the Crop’s Productivity

Prominent Benefits of Oxygen in the Crops Productivity

Oxygen is an essential plant nutrient that acts as a growth booster to perform various functions within the plant body. Some of the important and prominent roles of the Oxygen element are as follows: 

  • Cellular Respiration

 The most important role of Oxygen in plants is cellular respiration. The plants can synthesize the important elements for survival and fronting their functioning using this Oxygen. Plants produce the essential amount of energy by using this energy produced during their cellular respiration. 

  • Nutrient Uptake

Oxygen plays an important role in the nutrient uptake in the plants. If Oxygen is present within the soil in dissolved form, plants have a greater capacity to uptake essential micronutrients from the soil. This dissolved oxygen content in the soil helps encourage the conversion of important plant nutrients for plant growth. 

  • Development of Roots

Oxygen helps forget the development of the roots. Oxygen promotes the growth of roots and root hairs within the soil. The root hairs are improved using the right oxygen content within their cells. Healthy plant roots are important to promote the development of the plant’s productivity.

  • Photosynthesis

The process of photosynthesis also prepares the Oxygen along with the glucose formation. Plants require carbon dioxide to form glucose; as a byproduct, Oxygen, which living organisms utilize, is also produced.

  • Flowering Characteristics

The presence of Oxygen is important for stimulating the flowering in the plants. These plants, with the presence of Oxygen, are helpful to encourage the flowering period and induce more flowering with improved health.

  • Energy Storage System

Oxygen is important for the aerobic processes in the plant parts. These are important for the formation of energy. These cells are necessary for the formation and development of plant cells. The plants utilize this stored energy for respiration, photosynthesis, and other processes.

  • Plant Growth And Maintenance

Oxygen in Crop Productivity-Plant Growth

The plant growth and the development of the plant parts are enhanced by using Oxygen. Plants utilize Oxygen from the air and directly through the soil to increase their stem, flowers, and root growth. The health of plants is maintained by using the right amount of Oxygen.

  • Plants Reproduction

Oxygen plays an important role in the plant’s reproduction. These are essential components that trigger the reproduction process in the plants.

  • Essential for Microorganisms Growth

Oxygen is the main element important for the growth of important plant microorganisms. These microorganisms are essential for these microbes’ symbiotic relationship and association with the plants. The activities of the microorganisms are maintained and encouraged due to the presence of Oxygen within the soil.

  • Plant Physiological Process

Oxygen has a strong impact on the physiological behavior of plants. Its presence is important for the normal functioning of the plant life functions. All processes require oxygen content for structural development or for forming a specific product inside the plants. 

Importance and Benefits of Oxygen in Agricultural Soil

The presence of Oxygen within the soil improves the health of the plants and encourages plant growth. In agriculture, Oxygen is one of the most utilized elements in plants that are important for normal plant functioning and synthesizing different products to continue the life processes of the plants. When the content of Oxygen Lowers in the soil, it affects plant growth and reduces the rates of physiological processes in the plant cells. It’s important for making the other nutrients available to the plants. Besides this, its absence also affects the working of microorganisms in the soil. 

Impacts Of Oxygen Deficiency And Overdose On Plants

Oxygen is an important growth and activity stimulator within the plant. The deficiency and overdose of Oxygen can stop plant growth and reduce productivity. The impacts of oxygen deficiency and overdose are as follows: 

Deficiency Impact

Due to the low oxygen availability, a condition for the plants arises known as hypoxia. In hypoxia, the plant parts become unable to grow, and they start to lose their rate of development. Oxygen deficiency also reduces the production of energy for the plants. 

Overdose Impact

Impacts Of Oxygen Deficiency And Overdose On Plants

High oxygen Concentrations stop the plant parts’ growth and development. Besides this, it also inhibits the roots’ growth and lowers the soil’s root motility. Due to the Overdose, the leaf tissues are also reduced.


Oxygen is an important component of most of the cells. Oxygen encourages the formation of plant tissues, organs, and parts. The right content of Oxygen in plants promotes the growth rate of leaves and roots and is helpful for properly functioning photosynthesis and cellular respiration. Plants can take the molecules of oxygen directed from the air. Besides this, they can be added to the soil for plant uptake. However, adding excessive Oxygen to the plants will inhibit the growth of plant leaves, seeds, and photosynthetic pigments. 

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