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How to Properly Fertilize Bermuda Grass Lawns?

Unlock the secret to a lush Bermuda grass lawn with our fertilization guide. Achieve vibrant greenery and dense growth for the perfect outdoor space.
Home » Blog » How to Properly Fertilize Bermuda Grass Lawns?

Your lawns look incredibly beautiful if they have that emerald-green beauty factor. If you also wonder what can give that charm to your lawn, properly fertilize your Bermuda Grass.

Bermuda grass, known for its lushness, thrives with targeted nutrient boosts. But how much is too much? What’s the right timing? 

Let’s decode Bermuda grass fertilization together. We’ll explore how to create a customized feeding plan. This plan is to transform your lawn into the existence of the neighborhood.

Are you in to know the secrets to the perfectly shiny, green, and dense? If the answer is Yes, Then let’s not wait and move forward.

Fertilize Bermuda Grass Lawns

Understanding Bermunda Grass

Bermuda grass has unique features; it thrives where others struggle. Bermuda is absolutely different from cool-season grasses that peak in spring and fall. Its specialty is that it shines in the summer heat.

It’s a warm-season grass that actively grows during hot weather and goes dormant in winter. Cool-season grasses, on the other hand, prefer mild temperatures and become dormant during the summer’s peak.

For warmer environments this grass becomes an ideal choice. It has a dense network of roots and spread stolons

This, ultimately, creates a durable, deep green lawn that can withstand heavy traffic from kids and pets. Even if damaged, Bermuda grass recovers quickly due to its aggressive growth patterns.

However, Bermuda grass isn’t perfect. While it thrives in summer, it goes dormant in winter, turning brown. Even though in winter it requires less care, the drying doesn’t help the lawn aesthetically.

Additionally, maintaining that lush green carpet requires more effort compared to cool-season grasses. Regular mowing and occasional fertilization are necessary to keep Bermuda grass at its best.

So, if you live in a warm climate and crave a resilient, vibrant lawn that can handle the summer heat, Bermuda grass might be your champion. Just stay prepared to put in a bit more effort with fertilization to keep it looking its best year-round.

Bermuda Grass: Nutrient Needs

Every plant has certain nutritional requirements. Let’s understand the needs of the concerned plant here.

To keep your Bermuda grass thriving, understanding its key macronutrient needs is majestically important. Moving forward here, we discuss the specific requirements of the three key macronutrients of N, P, and K in a healthy Bermuda lawn.

Nitrogen (N): The Green Machine

Nitrogen is the lifeblood of green growth. It’s a key component of chlorophyll. When your Bermuda grass receives adequate nitrogen, it produces a thicker, greener lawn. 

Nitrogen also promotes overall plant health by boosting photosynthesis. This translates to a more greener and healthier lawn with better resistance to problems.

Phosphorus (P): Building a Strong Foundation

In order to produce a healthy Bermuda grass, phosphorus is essential. Especially in the first phases of growth, it holds utmost importance. 

Strong root growth is encouraged, enabling the grass to form a deep root structure that improves the uptake of nutrients and water. 

Phosphorus also aids in the plant’s internal energy transmission, which promotes resilience and general development.

Potassium (K): The Stress Shield

Potassium, often called potash, is the resilience provider. Bermuda grass’s cell walls are strengthened as a result, increasing its resistance to environmental stressors, including heat, drought, and even cold.

This means that your grass will recover from adverse weather conditions more quickly and sustain less harm.

Furthermore, by controlling the plant’s water balance and nutrient intake, potassium contributes significantly to disease resistance. It does that by reducing the plant’s susceptibility to bacterial and fungal diseases.

In the fall, potassium becomes even more crucial for Bermuda grass. The grass is better prepared for the dormant season when a fertilizer rich in potassium is applied as winter approaches and the temperatures drop. 

The Bermuda grass can tolerate the strains of cold weather and come out healthier thanks to this added dosage of toughness.

Fertilization Schedule for Bermuda Grass

Bermuda Grass, being a lawn owner’s dream, should be maintained greatly. And when it comes to care, fertilization plays a key role. 

But with distinct seasons influencing Bermuda’s growth patterns, a one-size-fits-all approach just won’t do. Let’s delve into a customized fertilization plan to keep your Bermuda lawn thriving year-round.

Spring Striving

Your Bermuda grass wakes up from its winter hibernation in the spring. It’s time to give your grass a gentle prod when the temperature rises and the world comes alive with color.

Our goal is to emphasize “greening up” or encouraging vibrant, luxuriant growth. The covert tool is this: a slow-release fertilizer with a greater nitrogen concentration (20-5-5). 

Nitrogen stimulates leafy growth in your grass. Don’t get crazy, though! For the precise amount required to be determined, a soil test is essential. 

Aim for around 1.5 pounds of nitrogen per 1000 square feet on average. Recall that a soil test is similar to a customized health report for your lawn. It identifies any inadequacies and enables you to adjust your strategy for the best outcome.

Summer Survival

Bermuda grass lawn basking in summer sunlight epitomizing summer survival

With the arrival of summer and the relentless heat, your Bermuda grass is growing rapidly. Think about applying another treatment in the middle of the summer, in June or July. To preserve that vivid green and keep it growing strongly. 

The good news is that you may continue using the same slow-release fertilizer that you did in the spring. Maintaining consistency is essential for continuous growth. Taking care also avoids the unattractive spikes in size that are followed by nutritional depletion.

Fall Control

As summer fades and autumn approaches, it’s time to prepare your Bermuda grass for the coming winter. The focus now shifts to winterization.

We want to promote cold hardiness to ensure your lawn survives the frosty months. To achieve this, swap that fertilizer that has nitrogen levels for one with a lower nitrogen content. This fertilizer also has to have a higher potassium content (e.g., 12-0-12 or 12-4-14).

Potassium acts like a protective shield, strengthening cell walls and boosting the grass’s tolerance to harsh winter conditions. Apply this third dose in early fall, around late August or September.

Winter’s Rest

Winter is a time of dormancy for your Bermuda grass. Its growth slows significantly, and any new growth spurred by fertilization is vulnerable to frost damage. 

So, remember: fertilization during winter is a no-no. Let your lawn rest and conserve its energy for the vibrant spring awakening to come.

Choosing The Right Fertilizer and Its Application

To have a vibrant, healthy lawn while feeding your Bermuda grass, use the appropriate fertilizer and apply it correctly. Let’s take a closer look at fertilizers and some essential application techniques.

Fast Food vs. Slow and Steady

There are two primary types of fertilizers: slow-release and fast-release. As the name implies, fast-release fertilizers provide the soil with a rapid boost of nutrients. 

This isn’t the best for Bermuda grass, even if it could look good for quick fixes. Accelerated nitrogen uptake may cause irregular growth spurts and perhaps leak into groundwater.

We advise using slow-release fertilizers on Bermuda grass. These fertilizers deliver their nutrients gradually over a period of weeks or even months, much like little time capsules. 

Without running the danger of nutrient waste or environmental damage, this regulated release guarantees a more stable supply of nutrients, fostering steady, healthy development.

Spreading the Love Evenly

Once you’ve selected a slow-release fertilizer, application technique is crucial. Using a broadcast spreader, a useful instrument for uniformly distributing fertilizer around your lawn, is a popular technique. Here’s where getting ready in advance pays off:

Before you tackle your entire lawn, spend some time calibrating your spreader because each one is unique. After adding the selected fertilizer to the spreader, change the settings in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions and the suggested application rate (often determined by the amount of nitrogen in the fertilizer). 

To guarantee a uniform spread pattern, practice on a little, discrete section of your grass.

Water Efficiently

Water Efficiently

Watering the area thoroughly is essential after applying the fertilizer. This facilitates the slow-release granules’ dissolution and helps them migrate into the root zone. This is where your Bermuda grass can easily absorb them.  

Moreover, watering aids in preventing “fertilizer burn,” which is a condition in which concentrated fertilizer granules come into direct contact with grass blades. When watering, try to wet the soil down to a depth of four to six inches.

Beyond the Spread of Broadcasts

Broadcast spreading works best for preserving the general health of the grass. At times, a more focused strategy may be required.

For instance, you can choose to spot-treat your lawn with a water-soluble fertilizer. Such fertilizer can be tailored to the exact regions where you see nutritional deficits.

A Healthy Bermuda Grass Lawn: Maintenance

Maintaining a lush Bermuda grass lawn is like nurturing a green oasis in your yard. You’ll have to understand that it’s not just about luck – it’s about giving it the care it deserves.

Let’s talk about watering. Bermuda grass loves a good drink, but it’s all about quality over quantity. Deep, infrequent watering encourages those roots to stretch deep. This makes your lawn more resilient to drought and heat stress.

Now, onto mowing. Think of it as giving your grass a trim, not a buzz cut. Regular mowing at the right height – about 1 to 1.5 inches – keeps Bermuda grass healthy and thick, shading out pesky weeds and promoting lateral growth for that carpet-like look.

And speaking of weeds, imagine them as uninvited guests at your yard party. Stay vigilant about your weed management to keep them at bay. 

Please get rid of those trespassers as soon as possible to stop them from depriving your Bermuda beauties of nutrients and sunshine. You can remove them by hand or use a herbicide.

Additionally, don’t overlook bugs! If left untreated, those creatures may cause havoc in your yard. To prevent any turf takedowns, be alert for indications of infestation and treat them right away.

Never forget that maintaining the health of your Bermuda grass lawn just requires a little love and care. To have a yard that makes the neighborhood jealous, use water sparingly, mow frequently, and control weeds and pests! 

Fresh Bermuda grass with morning dew symbolizing healthy lawn maintenance

Summing up

Follow these outlined steps and incorporate a proper fertilization regimen. It will allow you to cultivate a thriving, emerald Bermuda grass lawn that becomes the start of the neighborhood. 

Remember, consistent fertilization tailored to the specific needs of Bermuda is necessary. It is an important key throughout the seasons to unlock its full potential.  

For a convenient and effective solution, consider Hans Chem’s line of Bermuda grass-specific fertilizers.

Hans Chem offers slow-release formulas enriched with essential macro and micronutrients. This is to ensure your lawn receives the balanced nutrition it craves for optimal health and beauty.

Visit Hans Chem online to learn more about their Bermuda grass fertilization solutions.

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