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Should You Apply Lime Before or After Fertilizer?

Learn when to apply lime and fertilizer for optimal soil health and plant growth, ensuring correct timing and methods for best results.

The key to healthy soil depends on the balance of nutrients and soil pH. This is where lime and fertilizer come in. Generally, lawns thrive when the pH of the soil is neutral to slightly acidic. When the pH of the soil leans toward acidic due to any reason, lime is used to neutralize it. Fertilizers, on the other hand, replenish the soil with essential nutrients.

Now, while lime and fertilizer both are extremely crucial for managing the soil, their simultaneous application is generally not recommended. The decision about which of these should be applied first depends largely on what the pH balance of the soil is. However, there are cases when they can be used together. This article will give you an insight into such cases as well as a brief overview about lime and fertilizers and their importance.

Why is Using Lime & Fertilizer Important?

First, let’s look into the reasons why lime and fertilizers are used. 


Discover whether its best to apply lime before or after fertilizer to maximize the benefits for your soil

There are a lot of factors that affect the pH levels of the soil. Heavy rainfall or the decomposition of organic matter can make the soil too acidic. Lime, made from ground limestone, contains calcium carbonate that can neutralize this acidity. 

That’s not all, though. Besides pH adjustment, lime improves the soil structure, promotes microbial activity, and helps in nutrient availability. In fact, using lime may increase the effect of certain fertilizers

Plants need help getting nutrients from acidic soil easily. Also, some toxic materials, such as aluminum, can be very dangerous during high acidic levels in the soil, which makes the timely application of lime even more important. 


You have recently read about lime. Further, you will understand the requirement for fertilizers.

Firstly, fertilizers can be of two types depending on their composition. These are organic and inorganic (also known as synthetic fertilizers). Organic fertilizers are composed of natural materials but take more time to show effect. Inorganic fertilizers, on the other hand, are made up of chemical compounds and can take effect quite fast. 

Fertilizers are necessary for giving the nutrients to the soil that are essential for plants’ growth and development. They contain macronutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium fertilizers

They also comprise micronutrients, which are crucial for plant health. Its formulation can be changed based on the specific plant needs and soil conditions, ensuring accurate nutrient delivery. Today, almost every farmer uses fertilizers in bulk, depending on the overall nutrient requirements of their soil.

When Can Lime and Fertilizer Be Applied Together?

A person wearing gloves holds a plant possibly a lime tree while considering the use of fertilizer

Lime and fertilizers are both backbones of soil. Though, in certain conditions, they can be co-applied, most of the time, they are recommended to be used separately. The major reason behind this is their different formulations and work. 

To know which one should be applied first, you need a quick soil test to identify your soil requirement. This will convey your soil needs and help you choose the right one. 

If the soil level is highly acidic, your lawn will only absorb some of the nutrients provided by fertilizer. In this case, lime needs to be applied first. A consistent and smooth soil flow will make the application of fertilizer more effective. So, it is clear that co-applying both lime and fertilizer is not safe. 

Important Facts to Consider

When you have to apply lime and fertilizer together, consider the given factors that are important and can affect them. Such as:

  1. Understanding Soil pH

Using lime indiscriminately can increase the pH levels of soil and disturb the availability of nutrients in the fertilizer. To avoid such conditions, you should quickly take a soil test that will tell you about the requirements of the soil. 

Once you know about the acidic or basic levels in the soil, you can apply fertilizer. It will provide your lawn with all the food and energy without getting affected by the acid. 

  1. Nutrient Compatibility: 

Some fertilizers are made of acidic components that can react with lime and can cause damage to nutrient availability. It occurs because lime makes the soil more alkaline whereas fertilizer is responsible for increasing acidic levels.

This is why it is recommended that fertilizers should be chosen based on their compatibility with lime formulations. It will avoid the risk and ensure that the plant’s nutrient uptake is going smoothly. Understand your lawn requirements for using the right fertilizer at the right time to make sure your field is protected. 

Mark separate timings for both.

  1. Application Method: 

Remember to follow application techniques such as even spreading fertilizer and incorporating it into the soil, which is very important for the distribution of lime and fertilizer. 

Also, they are necessary for nutrients to spread throughout the roots and play a major role in reducing the problem of nutrient leaching.

If nutrients fail to spread, they will wash out before reaching the soil. So, always use the right application method.

What is the Best Time to Apply Lime and Fertilizer Together?

Lime and fertilizers are essential growth supplements. Lime is important for making the soil alkaline. Therefore, it can be applied right after the soil test. At the same time, fertilizers are only used according to their season requirement.

Best time to apply lime and fertilizer together depends on various factors such as soil conditions, plant requirements, and regional climate. However, applying these during the early spring or late fall is generally recommended. 

The following are some reasons why early spring and late fall are the best seasons for the applications.

Early Spring Application:

A hand gently touches a plant in the dirt symbolizing the act of nurturing and caring for nature

Early spring is an excellent time to apply lime and fertilizer applications. Applying them in the growing season of the plants allows ample time for the soil to incorporate these supplements before plants are ready for their active growing phase. 

Also, at this time, nutrients are readily available to support early plant development and encourage good root growth. But again, it’s necessary to make sure that you have a soil pH test, which is important for the healthy growth of your plants.

Lastly, use the best quality products for your soil.

Late Fall Application:

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During the autumn or late fall season, soil conditions are more stable for better absorption and retention of nutrients. The lime supplement has time to react with the soil over winter, which helps adjust pH levels in preparation for spring planting.

Applying fertilizer in the fall helps replenish nutrient levels depleted during the growing season, making sure that the soil is nutrient-rich and ready for the next planting cycle.

This eventually makes autumn the best season for applying lime and fertilizer to the soil. Use the best quality products for the betterment of the soil.


Lime and fertilizer co-application depends upon the soil condition, pH level, nutrient interaction, and proper application guidance. Both of them can be applied together, but only if they are suitable for your lawn’s soil. For the betterment of your soil’s health, it is recommended to get the help of an expert.

On the other hand, remember to understand the role of fertilizers and lime separately. It would be of great help if you only mixed them once you are sure about their impact on your soil.

Explore the website HANS Fertilizer to learn more about soil management and plants. Remember to look after your plants in the best possible manner.

Frequently Asked Questions 

  1. How often should you apply lime and fertilizer?

Lime can be applied whenever the soil demands after the soil test, whereas fertilizer requires proper season and time.

  1. Is it okay to mix lime and fertilizer before applying?

Generally, it’s not okay, but you can if the soil pH is neutral.

  1. Can the simultaneous application of lime and fertilizer cause nutrient leaching or runoff?

Yes, it can; therefore, avoid their application together.

  1. Should I consider any safety precautions while applying lime and fertilizer together? 

While applying lime and fertilizer together, remember to wear eye masks and gloves.

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